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Re: MKO and foreign involvement update for George
Released on 2013-03-11 00:00 GMT
Date 2010-01-04 19:03:10
To email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
send to the analyst list.
Kristen Cooper wrote:
hey guys – here is what I am planning on sending George – it includes OS
update, Lauren and Marko’s insight and the status update on MKO.
any thoughts to add?
i. Recent Iranian statements on MKO and foreign
involvement in anti-government protests
ii. CANVAS insight
iii. Azerbaijan insight
iv. MKO status update
v. Full text articles
i. Timeline of recent Iranian statements on MKO and foreign involvement
Dec. 23 – Iran intelligence identifies 80 foreign bodies used for
Dec. 29 – MKO leader gives interview to AFP admitting involvement in
Dec. 30 – Iranian intelligence accuses MKO of assassinating Mousavi’s
Jan. 02 – Mottaki accuses UK of supporting rioters; Salman Rushdi
Jan. 03 – Iranian Interior Minister says foreign involvement certain;
US, UK and Israel supported MKO; announce arrests of MKO members
*Full text articles below
ii. Insight on US cutting funding for pro-democracy groups in Iran
Marko’s Insight – Dec. 17
Our CANVAS source said on Dec. 17 that the U.S. administration was looking to cut off funding to pro-democracy groups, in general, but also specifically for Iran. He attended a NSC meeting on Dec. 18 where this
came up, although the meeting was, according to him, not on Iran specifically.
iii. Insight on Azerbaijani involvement in anit-government movements in
Lauren’s Insight – Dec. 28
Iran and Azerbaijan’s relationship has been tense this past year.
First off, Iran is one of the main players in the regulation of Nagorno-Karabakh problem. If not for Iran, Armenia more likely would have made concessions. But, Iran’s continuing economic and political support exacerbates the question.
But there are many inside of Azerbaijan who have been linked to the anti-government movement inside of Iran. Though I must stress that these Azeri are not part of the government, nor is the Azeri government behind
any moves in Iran. Because of this, relations with Iran have been in decline.
Iran’s socio-cultural influence to Azeri society is also something we are concerned about. Iran doesn’t miss any opportunity to transform the Azeri society, ranging from narco-trafficking and religious propaganda to military-political influence. Iranian government installed electronic transmitters on the border with Azerbaijan, in order to air its own Azeri-language based channels within Azerbaijan territory. These channels propagate the “evilness of the daemon policies in Azerbaijan.”
In addition, the Iranian funded religious and news websites are regularly being opened in Azerbaijan. We, as Azeri government, are doing our best to thwart these influences.
iv. MKO Status Update
Latest activity prior to protests:
Jan. 20, 2009 – Iraqi National Security Adviser said that MKO could no longer base itself in Iraq. Though there are constant rants about it from Iranian officials. Seems like last major crackdown was in 1988 with the end of the Iran-Iraq war a bunch of prisoners were executed in Iran (from 1,400 to 30,000, big gap), they were opposition groups, lots of MKO.
July 2009 – Iraq raid of MKO base
MKO was pretty active in assassinations and some bombings from 1971 to 2001. It also suffered from crackdowns in 1971, 79-81 and 2003. They claimed to denounce violence after 2001. US forces in 2003 bombed them, as well as arrested and took much of their military hardware. I know of no attacks since then. I was off on when they were declared a terrorist organization– it was 1997, though politically motivated by the Clinton
Administration reaching out to Iran. It seems they have been turned into a political movement, especially since their military force was basically lost when their supporter, Saddam Hussein, was ousted in Iraq.
Officially People’s Mujahideen of Iran in English, Muhahideen-e-Khalq–PMOI, MKO, MEK Started in 1965–Socialist organizaiton against the Shah Attacks began in 1971, soon after SAVAK claimed to have killed/arrested the leaders. Massoud Rajavi was jailed until right before Khomeini returned to Iran in 1979.
1970s- successful attacks on US military in Iran, also assassinations of Iranian officials through the 1980s
1975- made Marxism, not Islam, it’s main revolutoinary principle.
1979-1981- Hundreds of MKO killed and 3,000 arrested by Ayatollah’s regime
1981-National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI) established- a parliament in exile
1980-88 Claimed to have worked with Saddam Hussein in Iran-Iraq war
1997- designated as terrorist organization by US– “bargaining chip in bridge building effort with Iran’ for Clinton administration
1998,99, 2000- Successful assassinations of Iranian officials. Also mortared President Khatami’s palace
Claims to have renounced violence in 2001
2003- Bombed by Coalition forces in Iraq invasion due to their alliance with Saddam, also many were disarmed and arrested January 26, 2009- Removed from EU terror list
Leader Maryam Rajavi is in Paris and head of the political wing. Her husband, Massoud Rajavi is head of the military wing. He is though to be in Iraq, but could also be dead.
v. Full text articles below:
from Maryam Rajavi’s website
Maryam Rajavi, president of the National Council of Resistance of Iran, said that her followers were already cooperating with more recent protest movements on the streets of Tehran and called on opposition leaders to do the same.
“It’s a call for solidarity among all those who reject the rule of the supreme leader — the velayat e-faqih (clerical rule) — and who want to see freedom installed in Iran,” she told AFP in Paris.
“What we call the ‘Green movement’ against the electoral fraud quickly disappeared to be replaced by a deeper movement whose goal is the total overthrow of the regime,” she said.
“It’s time to adopt very firm, global sanctions,” she told Reuters in a telephone interview.
“There needs to be a firm policy to cut economic and political relations because the Iranian people have taken to the streets. They have to be helped. The United States and Europe must act,” she said.
18:16 | 2009-12-30
Iran: Mousavi’s Nephew Assassinated by MKO
TEHRAN (FNA)- Iran announced on Wednesday that the anti-Iran terrorist group, the Mojahedin-e Khalq Organization (MKO), was responsible for the Sunday attack on the slain nephew of the defeated presidential
candidate, Mir-Hossein Mousavi.
“We have no doubt that Monafeqin (the Hypocrites, as MKO is referred to in Iran) has been involved in this issue,” Iranian Intelligence Minister Heidar Moslehi told reporters on the sidelines of a cabinet meeting here in Tehran today.
The MKO has been blacklisted as a terrorist organization by many international organizations and countries including the United States.
The terrorist group targeted Iranian government officials and civilians in Iran and abroad in the early 1980s. The group also attempted an unsuccessful invasion of Iran in the last days of the Iraq-Iran war in 1988.
Moslehi reiterated that investigations into the case are still underway, and assured that the country’s authorities will pursue the case to the end.
Meantime, the intelligence minister dismissed the reports that Seyed Ali Mousavi, the son of Mir-Hossein’s sister, was killed during the Sunday frenzy in Tehran.
“The incident has happened in the form of a terror attack and in a place other than the area of the unrests,” he added.
A group of opposition supporters on Sunday took advantage of the highly revered religious day of Ashoura – the anniversary of the martyrdom of Imam Hossein (AS), the grandson of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and Shiite
Muslims’ third Imam – to chant slogans against top Iranian government officials.
Meantime, tens of millions of Iranians were on the streets on Sunday to take part in annual massive processions across the country to mark the martyrdom anniversary of Imam Hossein (AS).
Clashes began after demonstrators started clapping and showing happiness, insulting the mourning people who were also in the streets to commemorate Imam Hossein’s martyrdom anniversary.
Tehran’s police headquarters announced that eight people were killed in clashes, but meantime underlined that the police forces neither used violence nor fired a single bullet on Sunday.
MKO admits involvement in Iran’s protests
Wed, 30 Dec 2009 08:48:42 GMT
The Mujahedin-e-Khalq Organization (MKO) has acknowledged that it played a role in Sunday’s violent anti-government protests in Iran.
MKO followers cooperated with the demonstrators and coordinated the protests, the organization’s leader Maryam Rajavi told AFP in Paris on Tuesday.
Rajavi also urged unity among those bent on overthrowing the Leader of Iran’s Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei.
“It’s a call for solidarity among all those who reject the rule of the supreme leader, the Velayat e-Faqih,” she told AFP in Paris.
“What we call the ‘Green movement’ against the electoral fraud quickly disappeared to be replaced by a deeper movement whose goal is the total overthrow of the regime,” she claimed.
The MKO leader also predicted that the government of Iran would fall within 12 months if foreign powers remain neutral.
Her comments came after protests in Iran during Sunday’s Shia Muslim ceremonies of Ashura – the anniversary of the martyrdom of the grandson of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), Imam Hussein (PBUH).
According to police reports, at least seven people were killed in clashes that broke out between security forces and protestors during the disturbances.
The MKO, listed as a terrorist group in Iran, Iraq, Canada, and the US, has claimed responsibility for numerous deadly attacks against Iranian government officials and civilians over the past 30 years.
The attacks include the assassination of the late president Mohammad-Ali Rajaei, prime minister Mohammad-Javad Bahonar and judiciary chief Ayatollah Mohammad Beheshti.
The MKO is also known to have cooperated with former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hossein in suppressing the 1991 uprisings in southern Iraq and the massacre of Iraqi Kurds.
The organization is also notorious for using cult-like tactics against its own members, tactics which include torture and murder of defectors.
Iran identifies 80 foreign bodies used for “seditious efforts” – minister
Text of report in English by Iranian news channel Press TV website on 23 December
23 December: Iranian Intelligence Minister Heydar Moslehi says dozens of foreign organizations that attempted to create havoc in the Islamic Republic have been identified.
“During the seditious efforts, various NGOs were used. To date, 80 foreign institutes, foundations, and funds that are active in this process have been identified,” the Fars news agency quoted Moslehi as saying on Tuesday [22 December].
He noted that the leaders of the sedition effort tried to propagate the idea that Iran’s 2009 presidential election was rigged in order to encourage acts of civil disobedience.
“One of these institutes has allocated a 1.7bn dollars budget,” Iran’s intelligence minister stated.
Source: Press TV website, Tehran, in English 0305 gmt 23 Dec 09
BBC Mon Alert TCU ME1 MEPol 231209 ea/oj