|Nick name||Abrishami, Sharif, Sina, Bahman Tehrani|
|Date of Birth||06/06/1947|
|Place of Birth||Tehran|
|Education||Student of Chemical Engineering at Tehran University|
|Brothers||Hussein, Saeed, Javad|
|Sisters||Jamila, Sarwar, Sediqa|
|Spouse||Maryam Qajar Azdanlu (Maryam Rajavi), Mina Kheyabani|
Mehdi Abrishamchi (born in 1947 in Tehran) became a member of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization in 1970 and was trained by Mohammad Hanifnejad. He was a student of chemical engineering at the University of Tehran and worked in the Department of Chemistry, responsible for the preparation of explosives. According to SAVAK interrogations, he has introduced individuals such as Alireza Tashid, Ali Bakeri (Behrouz) and Musa Kheyabani as his trainers. Mehdi also had little contact with Hanifnejad and Ahmad Rezai, keeping money and explosive materials for them. Before his arrest by SAVAK, he cuts off his relationship with MEK for a while. Because in one of his visits to team homes, he was confronted with the danger sign (closed curtain). Mehdi Abrishamchi was nicknamed “Majid Asgharzadeh, Sharif, Sina, Mehrdad Sharif, Bahman Tehrani and …”.
Hussein Abrishamchi, Mehdi’s brother and one of the most famous torturers of the SAVAK was arrested and sentenced to life imprisonment in 1974 for his membership in and support of the MEK. He was taken prisoner by Lotfollah Maysami’s group and took charge of the Gonbad Revolutionary Gaurd Corps after the revolution. But in 1981, with the release of a critical statement, the specter broke away and rejoined the MEK. In prison, he joined the group of Lotfollah Meisami and took charge of the Gonbad Corps after the revolution. But in 1980, with the release of a critical statement, broke away from the corps and rejoined the MEK.
Mehdi Abrishamchi appears to have talked to his brother, Hossein, and persuaded him to leave Meysami, and provided a cover for his re-admission to the group by telling that he was MEK’s spy in revolutionary guard.
Arrested by SAVAK
Mehdi Abrishamchi was arrested by SAVAK at his father’s factory in November 1971 and transferred to Qezel Qala Prison. At the time of his arrest, he had been a student at Tehran University’s Technical College and was a single man. SAVAK’s reports indicate his arrest, membership in a terrorist group with a communist affiliation and, in particular, membership of the Freedom Movement of Iran.
According to SAVAK, the Iranian Liberation Organization has taken actions such as contacting the FATH, the Iraqi Ba’ath government, and the Confederation of Iranian Students in Europe. The group also has activities such as: hijacking a plane and transporting it to Iraq, armed attack on a member of the Imperial family with the intention of kidnapping him, as well as destroying a power tower on the road while celebrating 2,500 years ceremonies.
At the beginning of the arrest, Savak suggests Mehdi Abrishamchi to be released on bail if he cooperates with them, but he refused. Finally, he was sentenced to 7 years in prison after being reduced his punishment by exerting his father’s influence and activities, such as writing a petition to Sayyid Kazim Shariatmadari and with the amnesty of Shah.
Mehdi’s father, a factory owner and owner of Iran Leab production company, tried to communicate or send photos of his son, who was speaking at the factory, in the presence of government and television officials, in an effort to free or reduce his son’s sentence. His speech was about the commemorating the 2500-year celebration of Persian Empire, history of Pahlavi dynasty and the “white revolution of the Shah and people”. The ceremony was shortly before Mehdi’s arrest, which was reported in the Mahd Azadi newspaper. Finally, with the efforts of Mahdi’s father, Sayyed Hassan Emami,Tehran’s Friday Imam, advised SAVAK to reduce or pardon Mehdi’s punishment.
Mehdi Abrishamchi is released by SAVAK with a written commitment not to enter into harmful activities and disconnect with the MEK.
Responsibility of Mehdi Abrishamchi in MEK
After the victory of the Islamic Revolution, centralism was still the fundamental principle of the MEK. But from February 1979 to January 1980, individualism gradually began to emerge seriously in the MEK. Massoud Rajavi was the first person and Musa Kheyabani was the second and Mehdi Abrishamchi as the third person. The remaining members of the group, before the September 1971 strike, had not a history of communicating with the centrality of the first period. But Musa and Mehdi were not powerful in comparison with Rajavi.
Mehdi Abrishamchi had good speech power but lacked the organizational capability; Musa also lacked the attraction needed to influence members because of the bullying and haughty traits. For this reason, Massoud Rajavi became the undisputed leader of the group, and Mehdi Abrishamchi, who was the third man, became the organization’s second right-hand man after Musa Khabani’s death in 1981. Mehdi was also presents on the organization’s 15-candidates list for the parliament’s election.
Abrishamchi was tasked with setting up the organization in Iraq. During the transition of the Mojahedin Khalq to Iraq and the merging the internal and social divisions of the group, he carried out all matters related to the transfer, including consulting with Iraqi officials and providing necessary support within Iraq. He had extensive contacts with Iraqi officials, including his close relationship with an Iraqi Ba’athist officer, Ali Shimiyaie. Mehdi Abrishamchi was welcomed by Rajavi in Eid al-Fitr in 1986 in Iraq, and he was stationed with him in a building called Saadat.
One of the most important responsibilities of Abrishamchi during his stay in Iraq was being the deputy of Mahmoud Ataiee (chief of the Liberation Army Staff) during Operation Forough Javidan. In this operation, the brigade under the command of Mehdi Abrishamchi was responsible for the conquest of Tehran!
Other crimes by Mehdi Abrishamchi include his involvement in communicating, justifying and preparing the group’s infiltrators to carry out terrorist operations, including the 28th of June terrorist operation, and the assassination of Iranian president and Kachuiee.
In addition, he was present at all meetings of Massoud with Saddam Hussein and Iraqi intelligence officials. It is also said that all information the group obtained through spying on Iranian military and operational areas, personnel and equipment was transmitted to Iraqi intelligence officials through Mehdi Abrishamchi.
Mehdi Abrishamchi from Sobhani's perspective
Sobhani, a former MEK member, wrote about Mehdi Abrishamchi: “Mehdi Abrishamchi, with the organizational names of Assad and Sharif, is a longtime member of the MEK who was imprisoned in Mashhad and Evin in Tehran during the Shah ‘s reign. After February 11, 1979, Mehdi Abrishamchi was one of the main and senior officials of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who participated in press interviews and public lectures and meetings. Mehdi Abrishamchi’s father was a factory owner in Tehran and was in good economic condition. Mehdi married Maryam Azdanloo after the Islamic Revolution, the result of which was a girl named Ashraf. When Ashraf was 6 to 7 years old, I saw her closely at the organization’s foreign relations headquarters in Iraq, coming to her father’s workplace on Fridays. You could easily see the contradiction, the pain, the divorce, and the separation of her parents from each other in the face of this girl, same as hundreds of little girls and boys in the organization.
… One of the interesting and historic points of the MEK that needs to be discussed separately is the political and military announcement of June 18, 1981, that the organization declares the reason for starting the armed struggle as the attack of some armed men to the house of Mehdi Abrishamchi and states that it will thereafter defend its members militarily, which indicates a pre-planned operation for 20th of June 1981. Of course, under the current circumstances, the organization does not want the June 18, 1981 announcement, referring to the start of armed operations, to be made available to members and supporters of the MEK.
Abrishamchi and his wife, Maryam Azdanloo, went to Paris after June 20, 1981, and divorced at the behest of the organization after the ideological revolution in 1985. Maryam was married to Massoud Rajavi and Mehdi also married Mina Kheyabani, the younger sister of Musa, on April 4, 1985. Mina was 17 years younger than Mehdi and it was her first marriage. During Rajavi’s visit to Iraq, Mehdi was with him and actively participated in all of Saddam Hussein’s meetings with Massoud Rajavi. In Baghdad, he was in charge of the organization’s relations with Iraq and provided Saddam’s financial, logistical and weapons support to the MEK. He was also the Chairman of the Peace Commission of the National Council of Resistance, which was supposed to make peace between Saddam Hussein and Iran!!! Interestingly, the Peace Commission still exists after the overthrow of Saddam Hussein in the National Council and is still chaired by Mehdi Abrishamchi.
Abrishamchi arrived in Paris before the overthrow of Saddam Hussein’s regime, along with 250 to 300 officials trusted by Rajavi. He was arrested on June 17, 2003 by French police along with Maryam Rajavi and 160 other members and officials of the MEK and then released on bail pending trial. “
Mehdi Abrishamchi, responsible for information exchange with Iraqi intelligence
In Iraq, the MEK claimed to have killed active elements of the Iranian government, citing numerous assassinations. These assassinations were the cost of obtaining various military and logistical facilities from Iraq. The documents left by Saddam’s regime shows that the MEK has used blind assassinations as an effective tool and tactic in presenting its power in the fight against the Iranian government. From this point of view, the MEK’s written and verbal reports to the Iraqi regime, with the exaggerated personality of the assassins, diminished the ability of the organization to face the Iraqi intelligence and demanded extensive facilities under the pretext of expanding these operations.
Mohammad Hussein Sobhani, a former intelligence and security official, writes about the coordination of Iraq and the MEK:
“Mehdi Abrishamchi was giving Masoud Rajavi information questions needed by the Iraqi army to identify the location of bridges, utilities, plants and economic and military centers in Iran. Massoud then referred these requests to MKO intelligence. The intelligence staff also provided answers after working on the questions.”
The intelligence headquarters was “collecting military intelligence for the intended military and terrorist operations”. In this case, there was a surveillance network in the headquarters, which was a source of intelligence for Saddam’s regime, monitoring and listening to Iran’s wireless and telecommunications networks on the battlefields. Members of the Mojahedin-e Khalq Organization decrypted the encrypted messages of the army and IRGC commanders because of their familiarity with Persian and Iranian culture. The intelligence officer then handed over the discovered messages to Mehdi Abrishamchi and ultimately to Saddam Hussein. In 1987, Mohsen Siah Kolah (the explosive agent of the blast in the Islamic Republic Party office) and a member of the headquarters of the MEK was responsible for the Intelligence.
Mehdi Khoshhal, a former member of the MEK, cites documents released in Europe about the organization’s intelligence cooperation with Iraq:
“The MEK not only made Iraqis easily digest their country’s intelligence, but their leader not only denied being Iranian, but also explicitly called his home Iraq and his blood Iraqi.”
To Be Judged in the Future
Following the overthrow of Saddam, in the summer of 2003, a group of former members of the MEK in the United Kingdom released a book and a video CD of secret negotiations of Massoud Rajavi and Iraqi security chiefs (Estekhbarat). The Iraqis had secretly recorded these conversations. The book by the name “To Be Judged in the Future” was published by the London-based Iranian Interlink Society in the summer of 2004. Parts of the film were also broadcast by some television channels such as Al Jazeera. It should be noted that Abbas Davari and Mehdi Abrishamchi have been with Rajavi during most of these meetings. According to the contents of the negotiations, as well as other documents obtained, Davari and Abrishamchi – as Rajavi’s representatives – have had numerous meetings with Saddam Hussein’s intelligence and security officials.
The first disclosure of the Ba'athist intelligence relationship with the MEK
Al-Hayah published in a detailed interview with General Wafiq al-Samerra’i, one of Saddam’s military intelligence commanders, for the first time documenting the serious and documented relationship between the Iraqi services and the MEK. General Al-Samerrai, who also has a prominent family in Iraq, fled after Saddam’s defeat in Kuwait to foreign countries. Many issues about Iran and Iraq were also revealed in the interview. For example, he claimed that “we started the war.”
After elaborating on the outbreak of the war, he talks about the weaknesses in the newborn Iranian system and about the Saddam regime:
“Saddam had no restrictions on giving money for intelligence activities, so we paid him between 9 million $ and 10 million $ a month after Rajavi and his organization came to Iraq. (in addition to other facilities) Prior to the invasion of Kuwait, Rajavi was taking 20 million Iraqi Dinars a month; he is also given millions of dollars from abroad. It is an illusion that Saddam will abandon Rajavi and surrender him to Iran after complete peace with Iran. Saddam holds the opposition to other countries and uses them at the right time.”